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Betalov spodmol

Betalov Spodmol. Photo: Tomaž Penko
Betalov Spodmol. Photo: Tomaž Penko
The Betalov Spodmol rock shelter is one of the most important archaeological sites in Slovenia. The majority of finds date from various periods of the Palaeolithic (stone tools, fireplaces and the bones of animals hunted for food), although there is also proof of human presence from the Mesolithic (a deer's tooth with a hole bored through it that served as a pendant) and the Neolithic. 

Stone tools from the deepest layers of Betalov Spodmol are believed to be approximately 300,000 years old. Together with stone tools from the cave at Loza pri Orehku and the cave known as Risovec, both of which are likewise in the Pivka Basin, they represent the oldest proofs of human presence in Slovenia

Guided visits possible by arrangement. 

Contact: Furman, Zavod za razvoj trajnostnega turizma
Cankareva ulica 6, p. p. 114, 6230 Postojna
+386 (0)5 754 01 11

Did you know?

Neanderthal hunters from Betalov Spodmol; Photo: Miha Dolenc, Notranjska Museum Postojna archives
Neanderthal hunters from Betalov Spodmol; Photo: Miha Dolenc, Notranjska Museum Postojna archives
...that in the middle Palaeolithic the Betalov Spodmol rock shelter was popular with Neanderthal hunter-gatherers? 

The remains of various animals have been found here, including the cave bear, the cave hyena, the giant deer (Megaloceros giganteus) and the Merck's rhinoceros (Stephanorhinus kirchbergensis). 

Finds from Betalov Spodmol are held by the National Museum of Slovenia and the Notranjska Museum Postojna.

See also